La lotta contro la desertificazione

Il discorso tenuto del Ministro dell’Ambiente e del Turismo Hon. Pohamba Shifeta di Namibia il 17 maggio 2015 all’EXPO di Milano in occasione del seminario dell’ONU in merito al contrasto alla desertificazione mondiale.

No such thing as a free lunch – Invest in healthy soils

Ladies and Gentlemen,
Healthy and productive land is the starting point for the development of all of humankind. With the population of the world set to increase to 9 billion by 2050, the current state of our soils is deeply worrying.

It is estimated that 52% of the world’s land used for agriculture is moderately or severely affected by soil degradation. The loss of arable land is now estimated at 30-35 times the historical rate and is affecting some 1.5 billion people worldwide. A Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) report from 2009 predicted that two-thirds of Africa’s arable land under use could be lost by 2025 if the trend of desertification and land degradation continues.

The impact of these trends on communities and their livelihoods is more striking in Africa and other developing countries than elsewhere in the world. Climate change and the increasing frequency of droughts make dryland countries even more vulnerable. Increasing food insecurity, hunger, and a descent into extreme poverty, as the potential for instability caused by migration and conflicts over resources are just some of the impacts we can expect.

Il summit mondiale contro la desertificazione

Windhoek, Namibia. Al via l’11esima Conferenza delle parti (Cop11) dell’United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (Unccd), il summit dedicato alla lotta contro la desertificazione, un dramma che ormai coinvolge ben 1,4 miliardi di persone. Per l’occasione, il segretario generale dell’Onu Ban Ki-moon ha annunciato la nomina della francese Monique Barbut come nuovo segretario esecutivo dell’Uncdd che succede a Luc Gnacadja, del Benin.

11esima UNCCD

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